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» Call from Rio towards the World Assembly of Inhabitants (WSF Dakar 2011)
We convening the World Assembly of Inhabitants (WSF Dakar, 2011), a common space towards achieving the Right to the City, taking a leading role in defending our ideals and social interests. In other words, building the Via Urbana.
All cities and rural areas are experiencing a structural crisis, resulting from the implementation of urban policies in favour of global capitalism, which is expressed through a variety of problems: the loss of the social function of cities; the commercial exploitation of economic, social, cultural and environmental rights; deepening social, economic and gender inequalities; the absence of democracy and social participation in decision-making processes that are in the public interest; an increase in insecurity despite the rise of police and military violence; the dramatic increase in forced evictions as a pillar of capitalist urbanism; the criminalisation of social movements and the marginalisation of good practice in the social production of habitat; the environmental degradation, forcing the poor to live in high-risk areas; the failure of governments to comply with regulatory frameworks established at national and international levels to ensure the right to housing; the ineffectiveness of UN-Habitat, dedicated to strengthening its bureaucracy and thus leaving room for speculative capitalism, responsible for the housing/real estate bubble.
Faced with this situation, initiatives have emerged from around the world, of grassroots organisations and networks of inhabitants heroically resisting forced evictions, struggling against privatisation processes and the liberalisation of the housing sector, occupying empty properties and vacant urban land, joining together in solidarity to defend the right to housing and to the city. At the same time they build alternatives, developing approaches that feed into urban and rural policies in order to achieve sustainable human development; many of these experiences are supported and strengthened by local governments and dedicated academics and professionals.
In this way, the extraordinary capacity and maturity of urban social movements to engage creatively, efficiently and cooperatively in providing solutions to a range of urban and rural problems is demonstrated.
In Rio de Janeiro, within the context of the Urban Social Forum, this critical situation has been analysed by people and organisations from Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Dominican Republic, Ghana, Haiti, Italy, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru, Russia, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, USA, Venezuela, Zimbabwe, as well as the International Alliance of Inhabitants (IAI), Jubilee South, HIC and CCS networks.
Sharing common principles recognised in the WSF Charter of Principles and the Charter of San Salvador, in the World Assembly of Inhabitants (Mexico, October 2000) and in the World Assembly of Citizens for solidarity and a responsible world (Lille, October 2001), among others; and supported by the Call to unite the urban social movements and inhabitants, we, the inhabitants with a commitment to society and democracy, we have taken a decisive step to go beyond statements and declarations and begin to define strategies and collective actions. This requires the establishment of a programme, an organisational structure and the strengthening of alliances in order to guarantee the success of our struggle.
This is the foremost reason for convening the WORLD ASSEMBLY OF INHABITANTS at Dakar in 2011, as part of the WSF framework, a common space for exchanging our experiences, sharing analysis and defining alternatives and collective strategies for struggle; a place to develop and approve a platform and plan of action that unifies our efforts and contributes towards achieving the Right to the City, taking a leading role in defending our ideals and social interests. In other words, building the ‘Urban Way’ (‘Via Urbana’).
At the heart of this analysis we have agreed on the following:
Finally, we reaffirm our conviction to strengthen unity and issue a call for solidarity among all organisations, respecting diversity, multiculturalism and autonomy.
INHABITANTS OF THE WORLD UNITED FOR THE RIGHT TO THE CITY!
South Africa: Abalhali
Argentina: Federación de Villas, Centro Integral Comunitario, Ex AU3
Bangladesh: Shelter for the Poor
Brazil: CONAM, MNLM, CMP
USA: PPEHRC, US Alliance of Inhabitants
Ghana: Women Land Access Trust
Italy: Unione Inquilini
Mexico: Unión Popular Valle Gomez, UCISV-Pobladores,, Coordinadoras de Colonias Unidas, MUP-CND,COPEVI
Nigeria: National Union of Tenants
Peru: FOVELIC, CENCA
Dominican Republic: Coophabitat
Russia: Union of Coordinating Soviets
Uganda: Women Land Access Trust
Venezuela: Red Metropolitana de Inquilinos
Zimbabwe: WAI Promoter
IAI, HIC, Jubileo Sur,CCS Programa de Vivienda para América Latina
Approved by the whole of Urban Social Forum (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 25th March 2010)